Invasive Plants in Our Backyard

Florida has around 18,000 plants considered “native” to North America. Native plants are good for our soil, provide natural habitats for wildlife, protect us from hurricanes, and provide beauty to our landscape.

Then, there are the invasive plants that have aggressively invaded our space, claimed it as their own, wreaked havoc on our native plants, spread forest fires, and destroyed wildlife habitats.

So who are these cellulose impersonators?

Brazilian pepper trees (schinum terefinthifolius) 

This highly successful invader’s beautiful red berries are “itching” to make their way into our landscapes. In fact, the tree’s fruit is so closely related to poison ivy, oak, and sumac that it can leave a skin rash or cause breathing issues. It was unwisely introduced to our area as the “Florida Holly” and has since infested over 700,000 acres in Florida, spreading a dense canopy that shades out other plants need to provide habitats for native fauna. 

Lantana (Lantana camara)

Butterflies love Lantana plants, so Floridians love them in their gardens. But there’s a catch. Lantana camara is invasive and not recommended for North, Central, or South Florida. It quickly spreads and is toxic to animals (from squirrels to house pets). Thankfully, for Lantana lovers and the pollinators, there’s a sterile variety that cannot produce viable seeds or pollen so isn’t invasive. Choose sterile Camara or the native varieties like Lantana Depressa. 

Carrotwood (Cupaniopsis anacardioides) 

The Carrotwood, so named from its orange-colored inner bark, is an Australian import listed as one of Florida’s most invasive plants. Fish crows feast on their bright seeds, then disperse them onto dunes, marshes, hammocks, and scrub habitats where they germinate and crowd out native plants. About 35 feet tall with a shady spread, they were once considered decorative trees for home landscape. No more!

Old World Climbing Fern (lygodium microphyllum)

Another invader from down under, this Aussie fern was brought to Martin County in 1965. This aggressive invader bullies its way into our wetlands and takes over where bald cypress stands, mangrove swamps, and sawgrass marshes would normally thrive. Over time, a thick mat of old fern material accumulates on the ground, severely alters the habitat. When fire occurs, the fern carries flames into the tree canopy where fire spreads rapidly tree-to-tree. Rated #1 worst invasive.


From the Citizen Scientist Project, an eye-opening article on the fern capable of toppling trees. 

To fight invasive plants and preserve our native species, Jenkins practices Integrated Pest Management, one of the key principles of Florida-Friendly Landscaping.™ We educate our technicians to differentiate between invasives and desirables

Jenkins’ technicians take pride in being FNGLA-Certified Landscape Maintenance Technicians, a certification that includes the ability to identify both native and invasive Florida plants. 

GET INVOLVED: Be Part of the Solution

Be prepared to send an email request for removal of invasive plants on any natural trail on the Treasure Coast. Save this link to your mobile device: Martin County Request Removal of Exotic/Invasive Plants on Natural Trails

Report a plant that you believe might be invasive by saving this link to your mobile device and sending a photo of the suspicious plant to UF/IFAS Extension


Unfortunately, some invasive species begin as landscape choices. You fill a space, provide a backdrop, and before you know it, suddenly you have duplicates throughout your yard, and too often in your neighbor’s yard too!

If you suspect you have invasive plants on your property, our landscape crews are trained in their identification, assessment, and removal. Invasive plants are by nature hard to remove, so herbicides are a last resort when mechanical methods fail. 

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International Coastal Cleanup


Every year, on the 3rd Saturday in September, we join the tens of thousands worldwide volunteers for the annual International Coastal Cleanup that is coordinated locally by Keep Martin Beautiful and internationally by the International Ocean Conservancy, to harness the power of people to fight ocean trash by removing debris and and trash from beaches and waterways all over the world.

The Clean Up Crew

Back row: Jeff McMillion, Joanne McMillion, David Holtzinger, Linda Zylman, Suzie Bubla, Lynn Banas, Jim Banas, Linda Wolf. Front row: Erin Jenkins Banas, Mike Banas, Krisse Banas, Anthony Burr, Nicole Burr. Photographer: Ryder Burr

Our Assignment

Three boats gave us plenty of social distancing space as we traveled down the intracoastal to meet up at Nathaniel P. Reed Hobe Sound National Wildlife Refuge opposite Peck Lake Park.

The coastal cleanup movement that began more than 30 years ago also includes recording each item collected so ICC can identify ways to eliminate ocean trash in the future. Erin Jenkins recorded our finds — plastic, glass, bottle caps, kiddie barrettes, one-half of a pair of shoes, and dozens of plastic straws.

Boat Captain: Harold Jenkins with Hyjenx. Photographer: Linda Wolf

Thanks to volunteers around the world, the International Coastal Cleanup is a beacon of hope for our oceans. It has created a family that spans oceans and borders, and for one day, we were part of that family.

A network of volunteers working together for something bigger than ourselves!

Did you participate in the International Coastal Cleanup? Share your photo with our Facebook fans.

September is National Fruits & Veggies Month!

The Martin County Public Information Office suggests we eat more fruit and vegetables in September. So why not go big…and go exotic?

Exotic Fruits of South Florida


One of the most unusual fruit trees that have adapted to south Florida is the Brazilian Jaboticaba tree. It’s exotic grape-like fruit grows along the tree trunk and branches making it quite the conversation piece when guests come to visit. The red variety tastes like blueberry yogurt; the purple like grape candy. It’s also grown for jams, wines, and liqueurs.


Over 1,000 years ago Chinese cultivated the loquat and often mentioned it in their early literature. Somewhere at the end of the 19th century, this tree with the fragrant flowers and fuzzy yellow fruit found its way to south Florida. Loquats taste like a blend of apricot, peaches and plums, and like most fruit, the riper the fruit, sweeter the taste.

Black Sapote

Known popularly as the Chocolate Pudding Fruit, this tropical version of the persimmon is full of black, sweet, creamy pulp that tastes like, well… chocolate pudding! Try this apple-sized fruit when it’s extremely ripe, when the outside is very dark green and the fruit appears well past its peak.


Fruity and pungent and the size of a watermelon! Some say the fleshy fruit of a ripe jackfruit tastes like Juicy Fruit gum or bubble gum. Unripened jackfruit has a meat-like musky taste and is used to flavor curry dishes for centuries. You can juice it, freeze it, and even make ice cream with it.

At a time when we are craving togetherness and ways to improve our health, check out some inspiration and creative food hacks from Have a Plant Nation.

Do you have one of these fruit tree exotics? Take a photo and share it with our Facebook fans.